In 2012, the U.S. patent law changed to expand the options for challenging the validity of a granted U.S. patent without having to file a lawsuit in federal court. Since then, over 7,000 petitions have been filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office challenging the validity of about 4,400 patents. Typically these petitions are filed by a party that has been accused of infringement of a patent and a patent infringement lawsuit has already been filed.
In the government fiscal year ending Sept. 30, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office issued a record number of more than 325,000 utility patents, which was an increase of over 3 percent from the 2016 fiscal year. The number of design patents granted during the same period was just over 30,000, indicating that for every one design patent issued, about ten utility patents are issued.
Just recently, a controversial United States patent expired 20 years after the application underlying the patent was filed. The patent was granted in 1999 to Amazon, a company then in its infancy, and covered the “1–click” method of online order placement which has become so familiar on the Amazon website. Other websites may be using this ordering technique, but they are licensing it from Amazon under the patent. Now the technology described in Amazon’s U.S. Patent No.
Muck Rack makes it simple to find people, tweets, or articles that mention any name, keyword, company, hashtag etc. We've compiled this guide to help you make the most of your search.
Selecting a term
Start searching tweets, articles from media outlets, articles mentioned in tweets, journalists'
names, titles and bios with some suggested searches:
Companies or Topics (e.g. iPhone, Microsoft)
Phrases (e.g. "cloud computing") — use quotes to keep the terms together
Twitter handles (e.g. @username) — returns those who have mentioned or replied to
Names (e.g. "David Pogue")
Hashtags (e.g. #sxsw, #london2012)
Bio details (e.g. vegan, Olympics, father)
Muck Rack's Advanced Search allows for many boolean operators.
Find results that mention multiple specified terms, use AND or
+. For example, ensure each result contains both Elon Musk and Mark Zuckerberg by
searching Musk AND Zuckerberg or Musk + Zuckerberg.
Use the operators OR or , to broaden your search when you'd like either of
multiple terms to appear in results. (This is the default behavior of our search when no operators
are used). For example, results will contain either cake or cookie by searching cake OR cookie or cake,cookie
Use NOT or - to subtract results from your search. For
example, searching Disney will yield results about the Walt Disney Company as well as Walt Disney
World Resort. To exclude mentions of Disney World, search for Disney -World or Disney
When using one of these operators with a phrase, enclose it in quotation marks. For example, you can
find results about smartphones excluding Apple's iPhone 4S by searching smartphone -"iPhone
Exact case matching or punctuation
If you're searching for a brand name or keyword that relies on specific punctuation marks or capitalization, you can
find results that match your exact query by adding matchcase: before the keyword you're searching for, like matchcase:E*TRADE .
Use parentheses to separate multiple
boolean phrases. For example, to find journalists talking about having fun in Disney World or
Disneyland, search for ("disney world" OR disneyland) AND fun.
An asterisk can be used to search for any variation of a root word truncated by the asterisk. For example, searching for admin* will return results for administrator, administration, administer, administered, etc.
A near operator is an AND operator where you can control the distance between the words. You can vary the distance the near operation uses by adding a forward slash and number (between 0-99) such as strawberries NEAR/10 "whipped cream", which means the strawberries must exist within 10 words of "whipped cream".