Blanket dry cow therapy has been banned in some parts of Europe for more than 20 years. In Denmark, for example, blanket dry cow therapy was banned in 1994 along with growth promotants. Veterinarians were also required to administer all antibiotics. While things went well at first, farmers, veterinarians and researchers noticed that Streptococcus agalactiae infections were becoming more frequent. That was alarming because Strep. ag had been nearly eradicated. In the year 2000, the incidence of Strep.
A year and a half ago, Dairy Herd Management carried a cover story, “Has the Time Come for Selective Dry Cow Therapy?” September, 2016. We are still waiting for an answer. This February, the National Mastitis Council dedicated a half-day symposium to the subject of selective dry cow therapy. Advice was mixed. The Dutch experience, where blanket dry cow therapy has been banned since 2012, shows it can be done (see sidebar).
When silage is opened at feedout, it is exposed to air (oxygen) allowing aerobic organisms that survived the ensiling process — e.g. bacteria, yeasts and molds — to grow. The growth of these spoilage organisms can reduce both the quantity and quality of the silage available to feed, or even render some of the silage not edible. It’s important to minimize these losses and retain as much valuable silage as possible.
Muck Rack makes it simple to find people, tweets, or articles that mention any name, keyword, company, hashtag etc. We've compiled this guide to help you make the most of your search.
Selecting a term
Start searching tweets, articles from media outlets, articles mentioned in tweets, journalists'
names, titles and bios with some suggested searches:
Companies or Topics (e.g. iPhone, Microsoft)
Phrases (e.g. "cloud computing") — use quotes to keep the terms together
Twitter handles (e.g. @username) — returns those who have mentioned or replied to
Names (e.g. "David Pogue")
Hashtags (e.g. #sxsw, #london2012)
Bio details (e.g. vegan, Olympics, father)
Muck Rack's Advanced Search allows for many boolean operators.
Find results that mention multiple specified terms, use AND or
+. For example, ensure each result contains both Elon Musk and Mark Zuckerberg by
searching Musk AND Zuckerberg or Musk + Zuckerberg.
Use the operators OR or , to broaden your search when you'd like either of
multiple terms to appear in results. (This is the default behavior of our search when no operators
are used). For example, results will contain either cake or cookie by searching cake OR cookie or cake,cookie
Use NOT or - to subtract results from your search. For
example, searching Disney will yield results about the Walt Disney Company as well as Walt Disney
World Resort. To exclude mentions of Disney World, search for Disney -World or Disney
When using one of these operators with a phrase, enclose it in quotation marks. For example, you can
find results about smartphones excluding Apple's iPhone 4S by searching smartphone -"iPhone
Exact case matching or punctuation
If you're searching for a brand name or keyword that relies on specific punctuation marks or capitalization, you can
find results that match your exact query by adding matchcase: before the keyword you're searching for, like matchcase:E*TRADE .
Use parentheses to separate multiple
boolean phrases. For example, to find journalists talking about having fun in Disney World or
Disneyland, search for ("disney world" OR disneyland) AND fun.
An asterisk can be used to search for any variation of a root word truncated by the asterisk. For example, searching for admin* will return results for administrator, administration, administer, administered, etc.
A near operator is an AND operator where you can control the distance between the words. You can vary the distance the near operation uses by adding a forward slash and number (between 0-99) such as strawberries NEAR/10 "whipped cream", which means the strawberries must exist within 10 words of "whipped cream".