Eurobond issuance from the central and eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa region hit a record $133 billion in the first six months of the year as Russian corporates, Gulf sovereigns and Turkish banks rushed to take advantage of ultra-low funding costs. The total easily surpassed the previous high of $113 billion set in the first half of 2012, thanks partly to bumper deals from the governments of Oman, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, which between them raised $22 billion in March and April.
In the spirit of summer supplements, here is Euromoney’s must-have guide to some of the main winners and losers of the past year in central and eastern Europe. Long after their arrival was first rumoured, China’s banks are finally extending their reach into emerging Europe.
Credit demand is finally returning to Croatia after six years of deleveraging, but policymakers and analysts say that a return to pre-crisis levels of lending growth is a long way off, particularly in retail. "The household sector is still very cautious in raising new debt, despite positive labour market trends," says Boris Vujcic, Croatia’s central bank governor . "We are seeing a recovery in lending to the segment, but it will be a slow path."
Muck Rack makes it simple to find people, tweets, or articles that mention any name, keyword, company, hashtag etc. We've compiled this guide to help you make the most of your search.
Selecting a term
Start searching tweets, articles from media outlets, articles mentioned in tweets, journalists'
names, titles and bios with some suggested searches:
Companies or Topics (e.g. iPhone, Microsoft)
Phrases (e.g. "cloud computing") — use quotes to keep the terms together
Twitter handles (e.g. @username) — returns those who have mentioned or replied to
Names (e.g. "David Pogue")
Hashtags (e.g. #sxsw, #london2012)
Bio details (e.g. vegan, Olympics, father)
Muck Rack's Advanced Search allows for many boolean operators.
Find results that mention multiple specified terms, use AND or
+. For example, ensure each result contains both Elon Musk and Mark Zuckerberg by
searching Obama AND Romney or Obama + Romney.
Use the operators OR or , to broaden your search when you'd like either of
multiple terms to appear in results. (This is the default behavior of our search when no operators
are used.) For example, search for democrat OR republican to find results that refer to
Democrats and/or Republicans.
Use NOT or - to subtract results from your search. For
example, searching Disney will yield results about the Walt Disney Company as well as Walt Disney
World Resort. To exclude mentions of Disney World, search for Disney -World or Disney
When using one of these operators with a phrase, enclose it in quotation marks. For example, you can
find results about smartphones excluding Apple's iPhone 4S by searching smartphone -"iPhone
Exact case matching or punctuation
If you're searching for a brand name or keyword that relies on specific punctuation marks or capitalization, you can
find results that match your exact query by adding matchcase: before the keyword you're searching for, like matchcase:E*TRADE .
Use parentheses to separate multiple
boolean phrases. For example, to find journalists talking about having fun in Disney World or
Disneyland, search for ("disney world" OR disneyland) AND fun.
An asterisk can be used to search for any variation of a root word truncated by the asterisk. For example, searching for admin* will return results for administrator, administration, administer, administered, etc.
A near operator is an AND operator where you can control the distance between the words. You can vary the distance the near operation uses by adding a forward slash and number (between 0-99) such as strawberries NEAR/10 "whipped cream", which means the strawberries must exist within 10 words of "whipped cream".