Nineteenth century filmmaker Alice Ida Antoinette Guy was born in Saint-Mandé, France, on July 1, 1873. Her parents and four older siblings were of Chilean descent. After a harsh smallpox outbreak in 1872, her family moved to France, where Guy-Blaché was born. Famously known as Alice Guy-Blaché, the film director became a trailblazer in the industry. Guy-Blaché’s father died when she was in her late teens. In order to support herself and her mother, she trained as a typist and stenographer.