Reform has become a dirty word in the post-financial crisis politics of many countries, a euphemism for painful austerity. But for Ukraine, a country born out of the collapse of the Soviet Union, it has been embraced as the only way forward. In 2015, when Greece joined Zimbabwe to become one of a handful of countries to default on its International Monetary Fund bail-out loan, Ukraine was doing everything to meet the terms of its IMF rescue bargain.
Ten years ago this week the financial crisis began. Few people knew it at the time. The first milestone was French bank BNP Paribas’ decision to freeze three hedge funds that specialised in sub-prime loans, a market not previously much noticed outside the world of high finance. None the less, the world was tumbling over the precipice. Banks collapsed, unemployment soared, and some governments even went bust.
Sir Charlie Bean, a senior official on the OBR, has compared the British consumer to Wile E. Coyote, the Looney Tunes cartoon character who chases the Road Runner off a cliff before succumbing to gravity and being brought back to earth. He says strong consumer spending at the turn of the year was partly down to the benefits of a couple of years of low inflation.
Muck Rack makes it simple to find people, tweets, or articles that mention any name, keyword, company, hashtag etc. We've compiled this guide to help you make the most of your search.
Selecting a term
Start searching tweets, articles from media outlets, articles mentioned in tweets, journalists'
names, titles and bios with some suggested searches:
Companies or Topics (e.g. iPhone, Microsoft)
Phrases (e.g. "cloud computing") — use quotes to keep the terms together
Twitter handles (e.g. @username) — returns those who have mentioned or replied to
Names (e.g. "David Pogue")
Hashtags (e.g. #sxsw, #london2012)
Bio details (e.g. vegan, Olympics, father)
Muck Rack's Advanced Search allows for many boolean operators.
Find results that mention multiple specified terms, use AND or
+. For example, ensure each result contains both Elon Musk and Mark Zuckerberg by
searching Obama AND Romney or Obama + Romney.
Use the operators OR or , to broaden your search when you'd like either of
multiple terms to appear in results. (This is the default behavior of our search when no operators
are used.) For example, search for democrat OR republican to find results that refer to
Democrats and/or Republicans.
Use NOT or - to subtract results from your search. For
example, searching Disney will yield results about the Walt Disney Company as well as Walt Disney
World Resort. To exclude mentions of Disney World, search for Disney -World or Disney
When using one of these operators with a phrase, enclose it in quotation marks. For example, you can
find results about smartphones excluding Apple's iPhone 4S by searching smartphone -"iPhone
Exact case matching or punctuation
If you're searching for a brand name or keyword that relies on specific punctuation marks or capitalization, you can
find results that match your exact query by adding matchcase: before the keyword you're searching for, like matchcase:E*TRADE .
Use parentheses to separate multiple
boolean phrases. For example, to find journalists talking about having fun in Disney World or
Disneyland, search for ("disney world" OR disneyland) AND fun.
An asterisk can be used to search for any variation of a root word truncated by the asterisk. For example, searching for admin* will return results for administrator, administration, administer, administered, etc.
A near operator is an AND operator where you can control the distance between the words. You can vary the distance the near operation uses by adding a forward slash and number (between 0-99) such as strawberries NEAR/10 "whipped cream", which means the strawberries must exist within 10 words of "whipped cream".