It's midway through August, and autumn is just around the corner, but Venezuela's troubled national oil company just got around to releasing its 2016 financial results. It's easy to see why they put it off as long as possible. The results point to a company that has been in steep decline. It's no surprise given its woes, but the figures help shed light on the depths of PdV's problems. The combination of lower oil prices and falling output have gutted the firm's finances.
Donald Trump's administration threatened "strong and swift economic sanctions" if Nicolás Maduro went ahead with his power-grab-by-plebiscite. The Venezuelan president did—and the US response was heavy in symbolism, but light in effect. The oil sanctions awaited by the market did not happen. US officials called Maduro a "dictator", and added his name to a growing list of Venezuelans, and a short list of heads of state, under American sanctions.
For years, Colombia's oil industry hoped that peace with its main rebel group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc), would bring new riches. During its decades of waging war on the Colombian state, Farc saw the industry as a prime target and wrought havoc on oil operations. The group regularly kidnapped oil workers, bombed pipelines, and made potentially oil-rich areas too dangerous to drill.
Muck Rack makes it simple to find people, tweets, or articles that mention any name, keyword, company, hashtag etc. We've compiled this guide to help you make the most of your search.
Selecting a term
Start searching tweets, articles from media outlets, articles mentioned in tweets, journalists'
names, titles and bios with some suggested searches:
Companies or Topics (e.g. iPhone, Microsoft)
Phrases (e.g. "cloud computing") — use quotes to keep the terms together
Twitter handles (e.g. @username) — returns those who have mentioned or replied to
Names (e.g. "David Pogue")
Hashtags (e.g. #sxsw, #london2012)
Bio details (e.g. vegan, Olympics, father)
Muck Rack's Advanced Search allows for many boolean operators.
Find results that mention multiple specified terms, use AND or
+. For example, ensure each result contains both Elon Musk and Mark Zuckerberg by
searching Obama AND Romney or Obama + Romney.
Use the operators OR or , to broaden your search when you'd like either of
multiple terms to appear in results. (This is the default behavior of our search when no operators
are used.) For example, search for democrat OR republican to find results that refer to
Democrats and/or Republicans.
Use NOT or - to subtract results from your search. For
example, searching Disney will yield results about the Walt Disney Company as well as Walt Disney
World Resort. To exclude mentions of Disney World, search for Disney -World or Disney
When using one of these operators with a phrase, enclose it in quotation marks. For example, you can
find results about smartphones excluding Apple's iPhone 4S by searching smartphone -"iPhone
Exact case matching or punctuation
If you're searching for a brand name or keyword that relies on specific punctuation marks or capitalization, you can
find results that match your exact query by adding matchcase: before the keyword you're searching for, like matchcase:E*TRADE .
Use parentheses to separate multiple
boolean phrases. For example, to find journalists talking about having fun in Disney World or
Disneyland, search for ("disney world" OR disneyland) AND fun.
An asterisk can be used to search for any variation of a root word truncated by the asterisk. For example, searching for admin* will return results for administrator, administration, administer, administered, etc.
A near operator is an AND operator where you can control the distance between the words. You can vary the distance the near operation uses by adding a forward slash and number (between 0-99) such as strawberries NEAR/10 "whipped cream", which means the strawberries must exist within 10 words of "whipped cream".