When we were teenagers, my favorite cousin used to scream at me — “David, you are a Neanderthal.” And back then, maybe she was right, at least partially. Recently, new research suggests that as a person of European decent, I could blame my genes. Reporting in the journal Science, investigators have now shown the presence of a significant amount of Neanderthal DNA in our Homo sapiens genome.The sequence of all the DNA in our cells is called the genome.
You may have wondered where scientists get the funds needed to conduct the biomedical research in university laboratories. Biomedical science ranges from fundamental discoveries on molecules, cells and tissues to research that results in new therapies, vaccines, drugs or new understandings of disease. Without advances in basic research, there would be little to build on to advance clinical research, and health advances would slow or stop.
There is nothing quite like an ice cream cone or slushy on a hot summer day until — brain freeze — aargh. Why does something so enjoyable come at the risk of such pain?First, what most of us call brain freeze has another name that is a mouthful: sphenopalatine ganglion neuralgia. In the roof of your mouth, the palate, there are many little blood vessels called capillaries and a bunch of nerve fibers called nociceptors, which can detect painful or noxious stimuli.
Muck Rack makes it simple to find people, tweets, or articles that mention any name, keyword, company, hashtag etc. We've compiled this guide to help you make the most of your search.
Selecting a term
Start searching tweets, articles from media outlets, articles mentioned in tweets, journalists'
names, titles and bios with some suggested searches:
Companies or Topics (e.g. iPhone, Microsoft)
Phrases (e.g. "cloud computing") — use quotes to keep the terms together
Twitter handles (e.g. @username) — returns those who have mentioned or replied to
Names (e.g. "David Pogue")
Hashtags (e.g. #sxsw, #london2012)
Bio details (e.g. vegan, Olympics, father)
Muck Rack's Advanced Search allows for many boolean operators.
Find results that mention multiple specified terms, use AND or
+. For example, ensure each result contains both Elon Musk and Mark Zuckerberg by
searching Musk AND Zuckerberg or Musk + Zuckerberg.
Use the operators OR or , to broaden your search when you'd like either of
multiple terms to appear in results. (This is the default behavior of our search when no operators
are used). For example, results will contain either cake or cookie by searching cake OR cookie or cake,cookie
Use NOT or - to subtract results from your search. For
example, searching Disney will yield results about the Walt Disney Company as well as Walt Disney
World Resort. To exclude mentions of Disney World, search for Disney -World or Disney
When using one of these operators with a phrase, enclose it in quotation marks. For example, you can
find results about smartphones excluding Apple's iPhone 4S by searching smartphone -"iPhone
Exact case matching or punctuation
If you're searching for a brand name or keyword that relies on specific punctuation marks or capitalization, you can
find results that match your exact query by adding matchcase: before the keyword you're searching for, like matchcase:E*TRADE .
Use parentheses to separate multiple
boolean phrases. For example, to find journalists talking about having fun in Disney World or
Disneyland, search for ("disney world" OR disneyland) AND fun.
An asterisk can be used to search for any variation of a root word truncated by the asterisk. For example, searching for admin* will return results for administrator, administration, administer, administered, etc.
A near operator is an AND operator where you can control the distance between the words. You can vary the distance the near operation uses by adding a forward slash and number (between 0-99) such as strawberries NEAR/10 "whipped cream", which means the strawberries must exist within 10 words of "whipped cream".