In order to increase scientific rigor and reproducibility, Drs. Collins (Director, NIH) and Clayton (Director, Office of Research on Women’s Health) spearheaded an effort to require preclinical scientists to consider sex differences in their research . A similar policy addressing the inclusion of women in clinical research has been in effect since 1993 .
An SAP customer and major American pharmaceutical company that manufactures prescription drugs owns a repository of contracts that are dense with important information about their business transactions. The repository is so vast and the contracts so dense in fact, that the company had difficulty combing through all of the information within them when it was necessary to do so.